Older adult woman exchanges laugh with middle school child in classroom.


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Programming


How-to

Bagby, B., & Snyder, J. (1992). Youth and Seniors:  The Dynamic Duo.  Illinois Senior Series. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Cooperative Extension Service.

Barrett, D., Myers, R., Kramer, C., Newman, S., & Mullins, J. (1983). Intergenerational Volunteer Program in Special Education: A Manual for Implementation. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together:  University of Pittsburgh.

Berkowitz, L., & Benderly, B. (1989). Building Bridges to Citizenship:  How to Create Successful Intergenerational Citizenship Programs. Alexandria, VA: Close Up Foundation, Program for Older Americans.

Block, H. (1986). How to start and operate an intergenerational program. Child Care Center, September, 30-32.

Brown, M. (1987). Young and Old Together:  A Resource Manual for Developing Intergenerational Relationships. Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services.

Brummel, S. (1989). Developing an intergenerational program. Journal of Children in Contemporary Society, 20(3/4), 119-133.

Center for Intergenerational Learning at Temple University. (2005). Connecting Generations, Strengthening Communities:  A Comprehensive Toolkit for Intergenerational Program Planners. Philadelphia, PA: Center for Intergenerational Learning, Temple University.

Corey, J. (1997). Storysharing:  A Bridge Between Generations. White Cloud, MI: North Country Press.

Deutchman, D. E. (2006). When conceiving and developing intergenerational programs, the most important guide is a clear, structured intervention plan, established before the program begins. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(4), 109-110.

Epstein, A. S., & Boisvert, C. (2006). Let's do something together: Identifying the effective components of intergenerational programs. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(3), 87-109.

Epstein, A. S., & Boisvert, C. (2005). Let's Do Something Together:  Identifying the Effective Components of Intergenerational Programs, Final Project Report.  Michigan: High Scope Press.

Fetterman, D. J. (2002). Grandparents and Other Relatives Who are Raising Children: A Training Curriculum Resource for Professionals. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together, University of Pittsburgh.

Generations Together, U. o. P., National Senior Citizens Education and Research Center, Learning Improvement Services, F. C. S., & Senior Citizens Services, F. C. S. (1998). Training Older Adults as In-School Tutors. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together:  University of Pittsburgh.

Generations United. (2005). Under One Roof:  A Guide to Starting and Strengthening Intergenerational Shared Site Programs. Washington, D.C.: Generations United.

Griff, M., Lambert, D., Fruit, D., & Dellmann-Jenkins, M. (1996). Linkages:  Planning an Intergenerational Program for Preschool. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley Innovative Learning Publications.

Hawkins, M. O., & McGuire, F. A. (1998). Preparing Participants for Intergenerational Interaction:  Training for Success. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.

Henkin, N., Holmes, A., Walter, B., Greenberg, B., & Schwarz, J. (2005). Communities For All Ages:  Planning Across Generations. Elders as Resources:  Intergenerational Strategies Series . Baltimore, MD: Annie E. Casey Foundation.

Henkin, N., & Newman, S. (1985). The Best of You...The Best of Me:  An Instructional Guide. Pennsylvania: Department of Aging.

Henkin, N., Perez-Randall, C., & Rogers, A. (1993). Linking Lifetimes Program Development Manual. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Center for Intergenerational Learning.

Henkin, N., Perez-Randall, C., & Rogers, A. (1993). Elder Mentor Handbook. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Center for Intergenerational Learning.

Henkin, N. Z., & Sweeney, S. W. (1989). Linking systems:  A system approach to intergenerational programming. in S. Newman, & S. Brummel (Editors), Intergenerational Programs:  Imperatives, Strategies, Impacts, Trends (pp. 165-173). New York: Haworth Press, Inc.

Herrmann, D. S., Sipsas-Herrmann, A., Stafford, M., & Herrmann, N. (2005). Benefits and risks of intergenerational program participation by senior citizens. Educational Gerontology, 31(2), 123-138.

Jacobs, B. (1976). A Guide to Intergenerational Programming. Washington, D.C.: National Council on the Aging.

James, A., & Leon, K. (1992). Intergenerational programs for young children:  Organizational procedures. Day Care and Early Education, 19, 9-13.

Jarrott, S. E., Gigliotti, C. M., et al. (2006). Where do we stand? Testing the

foundation of a shared site intergenerational program. Journal of

Intergenerational Relationships, 4(2), 73-92.

Kaplan, M. (2005). Two ways to think about intergenerational program development. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(4), 107-108.

Kaplan, M., Duerr, L., Whitesell, W., Merchant, L., Davis, D., & Larkin, E. (2003). Developing an Intergenerational Program in Your Early Childhood Care and Education Center. Penn State University: Penn State University.

Kaplan, M., & Larkin, E. (2004). Launching intergenerational programs in early childhood settings:  A comparison of explicit intervention with an emergent approach. Early Childhood Education Journal, 31(3), 157-163.

Kazemek, F., & Logas, B. (2000). Spiders, kid curlers, and white shoes:  Telling and writing stories across generations. The Reading Teacher, 53(6), 446-451.

Kuehne, V. S. (unknown).  Evaluate your intergenerational program:  Four recommendations for human service practitioners. The Southwest Journal on Aging, 12(1-2), 27-32.

Larson, J. M., & Meyer, M. H. (2006). Generations Gardening Together:  Sourcebook for Intergenerational Therapeutic Horticulture. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.

Lyons, C., & Newman, S. (1983). How to Develop an Intergenerational Service-Learning Program at a Nursing Home: A Manual. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Generations Together .
Abstract: The purpose of the manual is to describe the procedures and resources that can help to guide the development of an effective intergenerational service-learning program at a nursing home.

Lyons, M. (1992). A Guide to Developing Intergenerational Programs.  Glenn H. Woods Corp.

Maños, Q. (2005). When conceiving and developing intergenerational programs, decisions should be driven by tuning into the participants and the way they spontaneously choose to interact and develop relationships  . Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(4), 111-112.

Maricondi, A., & Burgess, C. E. (1995). Intergenerational Sharing and Caring:  Developing and Maintaining an Adopt-A-Grandparent Program in Your Community. Baltimore, MD: American Literary Press.

McCrea, J., Nichols, A., & Newman, S. (1999). Intergenerational Service-Learning in Gerontology: A Compendium. Vol. I-III. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together, University of Pittsburgh.

McCrea, J. M., & Cottom, S. (1996). Community Service to the Elderly: A Service-Learning Model - Guidelines for Replication . Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together, University of Pittsburgh.

McCrea, J. M., Forker, D. L. J., & Winters, J. (1996).  Human Development Across the Lifespan: A Pilot Intergenerational Project in Three Pennsylvania School Districts - Curriculum Guide for Family and Consumer Science. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together, University of Pittsburgh.

McCrea, J. M., & Ward, C. (1995). Pennsylvania Conservation Corps Intergenerational Crews:  Guidelines for Training and Evaluation. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together, University of Pittsburgh.

McCrea, J. M., Weissman, M., & Thorpe-Brown, G. (2004). Connecting the Generations:  A Practical Guide for Developing Intergenerational Programs. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together, Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh.

McNeill, A. (1995). How to Succeed in Fundraising While Really Trying:  A Funding Guide for Intergenerational Programs. Washington, D.C.: National Council on the Aging.

Moldeven, M. (1994). A Grandpa's Notebook:  "How to" Ideas, Models, & Stories that Promote Grandparent-Grandchild Communication and Interaction. Del Mar, CA: M. Moldeven.

Muir, K. B. (2006). Measuring the benefits of mentoring for foster grandparents: A

research note. Educational Gerontology, 32(5), 379-387.

Newman, S., Vander Ven, K., & Ward, C. (1992). Practitioner's Manual for the Productive Employment of Older Adults in Child Care. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh, Generations Together.

Ohio Intergenerational Initiative. (unknown).  Intergenerational School Volunteer Manual. Cleveland, OH: Fairhill Center for Aging, Intergenerational Resource Center.

Perlstein, S., & Bliss, J. (1994). Generating Community:  Intergenerational Partnerships Through the Expressive Arts. New York: Elders Share the Arts.

Roehlkepartain, J. L. (1996). Creating Intergenerational Community:  75 Ideas for Building Relationships Between Youth and Adults. Minneapolis: Search Institute.

Rubin, R. J. (1993). Intergenerational Programming:  A How-To-Do-It Manual for Librarians. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc.

Seefeldt, C. (1987). Intergenerational programs:  Making them work. Childhood Education, 64(1), 14-18.

Selinski, M. (1998). Intergenerate:  Building Communities for All Ages Tool Kit. Illinois: Illinois Intergenerational Committee.

Smith, T. B. (1994). Home-Based Family Literacy Mentoring - A Guide for Head Start Teachers. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Generations Together .

Smith, T. B., Mack, C., & Tittnich, E. (1993). Generations Together: A Job Training Curriculum for Older adults in Child Care. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

Strimling, A. (2004). Roots & Branches:  Creating Intergenerational Theater. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Press.

Strom, R., & Strom, S. (1992). Achieving Grandparent Potential:  A Guidebook for Building Intergenerational Relationships. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Strom, R., & Strom, S. (1991). Grandparent Education:  A Guide for Leaders. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Tice, C. (1993). A Guide to Mentoring. Ann Arbor, MI: Lifespan Resources.
Abstract: Designed for people wishing to become successful mentors in school settings.

Ward, C. R., Walson, B., Nicholson, B., & Newman, S. (1996). Replication Manual: Generations, A Co-Located Intergenerational Day Care Program. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together, University of Pittsburgh.

Weissman, M., & Crisafio, D. (2001). Family Friends Respite Care Project, Guidelines for Program Replication. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together, University of Pittsburgh.

Wood, J. (1992). Life Spectrum Programming Bringing Generations Together: A Library Guide to Supporting Community-Wide Intergenerational Programming. Pekin, IL: Pekin Public Library.

Zuccolotto, D., & Scott, T. (1993). Guided Memories:  An Intergenerational Program for Youth and Seniors. Scotts Valley, CA: R&Z Publishing Co.

Intergenerational programs

Community Planning for Intergenerational Programming:  Program Innovations in Aging, Volume VIII. (unknown).  Washington, D.C.: National Council on Aging.

The States Speak:  A Report on Intergenerational Initiatives. (unknown).  Ann Arbor, MI: Lifespan Resources.

Angelis, J. (1992). The genesis of an intergenerational program. Educational Gerontology, 18(4), 317-327.

Angelis, J. (unknown).  Getting Started Now:  A Concise Guide to Developing Effective Intergenerational Programs. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.

Ayala, J. S., Hewson, J. A., Bray, D., Jones, G., & Hartley, D. (2007).

Intergenerational programs: Perspectives of service providers in one Canadian city. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 5(2), 45-60.

Bagby, B., & Snyder, J. (1992). Youth and Seniors:  The Dynamic Duo.  Illinois Senior Series. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Cooperative Extension Service.

Block, H. (1986). How to start and operate an intergenerational program. Child Care Center, September, 30-32.

Brummel, S. (1989). Developing an intergenerational program. Journal of Children in Contemporary Society, 20(3/4), 119-133.

Donnelly, D. (2003). LRES and R & P Intergenerational Partnership. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 1(2), 105-106.

Epstein, A. S. & Boisvert, C. (2006). Let's do something together: Identifying the

effective components of intergenerational programs. Journal of Intergenerational

Relationships, 4(3), 87-109.

Grogan, M. (2004). The Friends of Seniors Foundation:  "Fostering friendships between teens and seniors through visits and activities". Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 2(1), 97-99.

Hatton-Yeo, A. (2006). Intergenerational Programmes:  An Introduction and Examples of Practice. Stoke-on-Trent, England: Beth Johnson Foundation and the Centre for Intergenerational Practice.

Jacobs, B. (1976). A Guide to Intergenerational Programming. Washington, D.C.: National Council on the Aging.

Jarrott, S. E. & Bruno, K. (2007). Shared site intergenerational programs: A case study.

Journal of Applied Gerontology, 26(3), 239-257.

Kaplan, M., Liu, S. T., et al. (2006). Intergenerational engagement in retirement

communities: A case study of a community capacity-building model." Journal of Applied Gerontology, 25(5), 406-426.

Kaplan, M., and Lawrence-Jacobson, A.  (2006). Intergenerational programs and practices.  In Sherrod, L. R., Flanagan, C., & Kassimir, R. (Editors). Youth Activism:  An International Encyclopedia.  Westport, CT:  Greenwood Publishing Company, p. 357-361.

Kaplan, M., & Larkin, E. (2004). Launching intergenerational programs in early childhood settings:  A comparison of explicit intervention with an emergent approach. Early Childhood Education Journal, 31(3), 157-163.

Kaplan, M. S., Henkin, N. Z., & Kusano, A. T. (2002). Linking Lifetimes:  A Global View of Intergenerational Exchanges. Lanham, Maryland: University Press.

Larkin, E., Friedlander, D., Newman, S., & Goff, R. (2005). Intergenerational Relationships:  Conversations on Practice and Research Across Cultures. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.
Abstract: Published simultaneously as the Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, volume 2, number 3/4

Caring for Each Other... A Way of Life. (1989). T. V. D. I. Lucy Jones (Producer): Generations Together.
Abstract: This video is designed to inspire, encourage, and inform care providers who are interested in starting intergenerational programs.

Lyons, M. (1992). A Guide to Developing Intergenerational Programs.  Glenn H. Woods Corp.

Mendelson, M. (2001). Bridging Cultures for Intergenerational Collaborations:  Conference Report, Hawaii Intergenerational Network Hawaii: Hawaii Intergenerational Network.

Moody, H. R., & Disch, R. (1989). Intergenerational programming between young and old. The Generational Journal, 1(3), 25-27.

Newman, S. (1997). Creating effective intergenerational programs. Unpublished Paper.

Newman, S. (1983). Intergenerational programs:  Their role in American society. Unpublished Paper.

Newman, S., & Brummel, S. (1989). Intergenerational Programs:  Imperatives, Strategies, Impacts, Trends. New York: Haworth Press, Inc.

Prosper, V. (1987). Intergenerational Programming:  Overview and Sample Programs. New York: New York State Office for the Aging.

Readdick, C. A. (2004). Should participants in intergenerational programs be paid or should they be volunteers? Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 2(1), 105-108.

Schreter, C. (1989). Intergenerating America:  The Final Report on the Administration on Aging Public/Private National Intergenerational Initiative. Sparks, Nevada: Elvirita Lewis Forum.

Seedsman, T., & Feldman, S. (2003). Living and learning together:  a place for all ages. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 1(1), 165-167.

Seefeldt, C. (1987b). Intergenerational programs:  Making them work. Childhood Education, 64(1), 14-18.

Segrist, K. (2003). AngelWorx:  An intergenerational best practices model. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 1(2), 101-102.

Tice, C. (1981). Linking the Generations:  Intergenerational Programs, A Wingspread Report. Racine, WI: The Johnson Foundation.

VanderVen, K. (2003). A powerful social construct, social capital, and cultural universals. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 1(4), 1-3.

Ventura-Merkel, C., Liederman, D. S., & Ossofsky, J. (1989). Exemplary intergenerational programs. In  S. Newman, & S. Brummel (Editors), Intergenerational Programs:  Imperatives, Strategies, Impacts, Trends (pp. 173-183). New York: Haworth Press, Inc.

Weinstein, L. B. (2004). An intergenerational journey to remember. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 2(1), 101-104.

Wrenn, R. M., Merdinger, J., Parry, J. K., & Miller, D. (1991). The elderly and the young:  A cooperative endeavor. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 17(1/2), 93-103.

Attitudes toward intergenerational exchanges

Binks, P. (1989). Intergenerational programmes:  Is there a case for their encouragement? Australian Social Work, 42(3), 7-15.

Bullock, J. R., & Osborne, S. S. (1999). Seniors', volunteers', and families' perspectives of an intergenerational program in a rural community. Educational Gerontology, 25, 237-251.

Chamberlain, V. M., Fetterman, E., & Maher, M. (1994). Innovation in elder and child care:  An intergenerational experience. Educational Gerontology, 19, 193-204.

Dellmann-Jenkins, M. (1997). A senior-centered model of intergenerational programming with young children. The Journal of Applied Gerontology, 16(4), 495-506.

Dunkle, R., & Mikelthun, B. G. (1983). Intergenerational programming:  An adopt-a-grandparent program in a retirement community. In P. Foster (Editor), Activities and the Well Elderly (pp. 93-106). New York: Haworth Press, Inc.

Jarrott, S. E., Gigliotti, C. M., et al. (2006). Where do we stand? Testing the

foundation of a shared site intergenerational program. Journal of

Intergenerational Relationships, 4(2), 73-92.

Slaght, E. & Stampley, C. (2006). Promoting intergenerational practice. Journal of

Intergenerational Relationships, 4(3), 73-86.

Stremmel, A. J., Travis, S. S., & Kelly-Harrison, P. (1996). Development of the intergenerational exchanges attitude scale. Educational Gerontology, 22, 317-328.

Stremmel, A. J., Travis, S. S., Kelly-Harrison, P., & Hensley, A. D. (1994). The perceived benefits and problems associated with intergenerational exchanges in day care settings. The Gerontologist, 34(4), 513-519.

Travis, S. S., & Stremmel, A. J. (1999). Predictors of the likelihood to provide intergenerational activities in child and adult day care centers. Child & Youth Services, 20(1/2), 101-114.

Travis, S. S., Stremmel, A. J., & Kelly-Harrison, P. (1997). Attitudes toward intergenerational exchanges among administrators in child and adult day care centers. Educational Gerontology, 23, 775-787.

Travis, S. S., Stremmel, A. J., & Kelly-Harrison, P. (1996). Intergenerational programming for young children and dependent elders:  Current status and future directions. Activities, Adaptation, and Aging, 20(2), 33-50.

Intergenerational activities

Avenues of Love:  An Intergenerational Activities Manual. (unknown). Willingboro,  NJ: Geriatric Educational Consultants.

American Association of Retired Persons (AARP). (1993). Intergenerational  Projects Idea Book. Washington, D.C.: AARP.

Ames, B., & Youatt, J. P. (1994). Intergenerational education and service programming. Educational Gerontology, 20, 755-764.

Angersbach, H. L., & Jones-Forster, S. (1999). Intergenerational interactions:  A descriptive analysis of elder-child interactions in a campus-based child care center. Child & Youth Services, 20(1/2), 117-128.

Bagby, B., & Snyder, J. (1992). Youth and Seniors:  The Dynamic Duo.  Illinois Senior Series. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Cooperative Extension Service.

Chhabi, K. Q. N. (2006). Intergenerational activities at Shinshu University in Japan. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(3), 115-118.

Deutchman, D. E., Bruno, K. A., & Jarrott, S. E. (2003). Young at heart: Intergenerational activities involving persons with dementia.  Activities Directors’ Quarterly for Alzheimer’s & Other Dementia Patients, 4(2), 27-35.

Epstein, A. S., & Boisvert, C. (2006). Let's do something together: Identifying the effective components of intergenerational programs. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(3), 87-109..

Epstein, A. S., & Boisvert, C. (2005). Let's Do Something Together:  Identifying the Effective Components of Intergenerational Programs, Final Project Report.  Michigan: High Scope Press.

Gambone, J. V. (unknown).  Together for Tomorrow:  Building Community Through Intergenerational Dialogue. Crystal Bay, MN: Elder Eye Press.

Griff, M., Lambert, D., Dellman-Jenkins, M., & Fruit, D. (1996). Intergenerational activity analysis with three groups of older adults:  Frail, community-living, and Alzheimer's. Educational Gerontology, 22, 601-612.

Hammack, B. (1992). Shared Lives:  An Intergenerational Discussion Model. Kensington, MD: Interages.

Hatton-Yeo, A. (2006). Intergenerational Programmes:  An Introduction and Examples of Practice. Stoke-on-Trent, England: Beth Johnson Foundation and the Centre for Intergenerational Practice.

Hawkins, M. O., & McGuire, F. A. (1998). Preparing Participants for Intergenerational Interaction:  Training for Success. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.

Jarrott, S. E., & Bruno, K. (2003). Intergenerational activities involving persons with dementia:  An observational assessment. American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementias, 18, 31-37.

Kazemek, F., & Logas, B. (2000). Spiders, kid curlers, and white shoes:  Telling and writing stories across generations. The Reading Teacher, 53(6), 446-451.

Kiernan, H. W., & Mosher-Ashley, P. M. (2002). Strategies to expand a pen pal program from simple letters into a full intergenerational experience. Educational Gerontology, 28, 337-345.

Lutz, S., & Haller, J. (1996). Seniors & Children:  Building Bridges Together -- Intergenerational Projects Pairing Older Adults and Children at Risk.  Best Practice Series, Volume 1. Washington, D.C.: National Council on Aging.

McDuffie, W., Buemi, H., Patch, E., Nash, P., & Brown, S. (1983). Intergenerational activities. Day Care and Early Education, 11, 9-15.

McDuffie, W., & Whiteman, J. (1989). Intergenerational Activities Program Handbook (3rd ed.). Binghamton, New York: Broome County Child Development Council, Inc.

Moldeven, M. (1994). A Grandpa's Notebook:  "How to" Ideas, Models, & Stories that Promote Grandparent-Grandchild Communication and Interaction. Del Mar, CA: M. Moldeven.

Ng, J. (2005). Promoting intergenerational relationships through table tennis. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(1), 89-92.

Roehlkepartain, J. L. (1996). Creating Intergenerational Community:  75 Ideas for Building Relationships Between Youth and Adults. Minneapolis: Search Institute.

Rossberg-Gempton, I. E., & Poole, G. D. (1999). An intergenerational creative dance program for children and frail older adults. Gerontology and Geriatrics Education, 20(2), 49-68.

Selinski, M. (1998). Intergenerate:  Building Communities for All Ages Tool Kit. Illinois: Illinois Intergenerational Committee.

Stremmel, A. J., Travis, S. S., & Kelley-Harrison, P. (1997). Mutually beneficial activities for young children and older adults in dependent care. Young Children, 52(7), 29-31.

Tice, C. (1980). Lifecraft:  A Guide to Intergenerational Sharing of Activities. Ann Arbor, MI: Lifespan Resources, Inc.

Travis, S. S., Stremmel, A. J., & Kelly-Harrison, P. (1996). Intergenerational programming for young children and dependent elders:  Current status and future directions. Activities, Adaptation, and Aging, 20(2), 33-50.

Walford, L. (unknown).  Building Intergenerational Relationships:  Creative Activities for Children and Older Adults. Los Angeles, CA: California Arts Council.

Intergenerational communication

Abrams, J., & Giles, H. (1999). Intergenerational contact as intergroup communication. Child & Youth Services, 20(1/2), 203-217.

Bisogno, E., & Perez, T. (2002). Outcomes:  Student interviews with seniors. In S. B. Seperson, & C. Hegeman (Editors), Elder Care and Service Learning:  A Handbook (pp. 132-142). Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Collins, C. L., & Gould, O. M. (1994). Getting to know you:  How our own age and other's age influence self-disclosures. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 39(1), 55-66.

Davis, R. H., & Westbrook, G. J. (1981). Intergenerational dialogues:  A tested educational program for children. Educational Gerontology, 7, 383-396.

Fox, S., & Giles, H. (1993). Accommodating intergenerational contact:  A critique and theoretical model. Journal of Aging Studies, 7(4), 423-451.

Friedman, S. (1990). Closing the Gap:  An Intergenerational Discussion Model Guide for Replication. Kensington, MD: Interages.

Gambone, J. V. (unknown). Together for Tomorrow:  Building Community Through Intergenerational Dialogue. Crystal Bay, MN: Elder Eye Press.

Hammack, B. (1992). Shared Lives:  An Intergenerational Discussion Model. Kensington, MD: Interages.

Harwood, J. (1998). Young adults' cognitive representations of intergenerational conversations. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 26, 13-31.

Harwood, J., Giles, H., & Ryan, E. B. (1995). Aging, communication, and intergroup theory:  Social identity and intergenerational communication. J. F. Nussbaum, & J. Coupland (Editors), Handbook of Communication and Aging Research (pp. 133-159). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Harwood, J., & Williams, A. (1998). Expectations for communication with positive and negative subtypes of older adults. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 47(1), 11-33.

Heydon, R. M. (2007). Making meaning together: Multi-modal literacy learning

opportunities in an inter-generational art programme." Journal of Curriculum

Studies, 39(1), 35-62.

Kaplan, M. S. (2002). Employing proverbs to explore intergenerational relations across cultures. in M. Kaplan, N. Henkin, & A. Kusano (Editors), Linking Lifetimes:  A Global View of Intergenerational Exchanges (pp. 39-64). Lanham, Maryland: Universal Press of America.

Kiernan, H. W., & Mosher-Ashley, P. M. (2002). Strategies to expand a pen pal program from simple letters into a full intergenerational experience. Educational Gerontology, 28, 337-345.

Kuehne, V. S. (1988). 'Younger friends/older friends':  A study of intergenerational interactions. Journal of Classroom Interaction, 24(1), 14-21.

Long Term Care Committee of Broome County. (2002). Improving your interviewing and communication skills with older people. In S. B. Seperson, & C. Hegeman (Editors), Elder Care and Service Learning:  A Handbook (pp. 115-117). Westport, CT: Auburn House.

The Best of You...The Best of Me. (1997). T. V. D. I. Lucy Jones (Producer): Generations Together.

Council Arts: Promoting Intergenerational Communications. (2001). P. R. M. I. Martha O'Grady (Producer).

Maurer, E. W. One to One:  The Generation Connection. E. W. Maurer (Producer)Chicago, IL: Terra Nova Films, Inc.

Ohsako, T. (2002). German pupils and Jewish seniors:  Intergenerational dialogue as a framework for healing history. in M. Kaplan, N. Henkin, & A. Kusano (Editors), Linking Lifetimes:  A Global View of Intergenerational Exchanges (pp. 209-219). Lanham, Maryland: Universal Press of America.

Pinquart, M., Wenzel, S., & Sorensen, S. (2000). Changes in attitudes among children and elderly adults in intergenerational group work. Educational Gerontology, 26, 523-540.

Poll, C. (2002). Capturing the richness of your heritage:  The do's and don'ts of doing an oral history. In S. B. Seperson, & C. Hegeman (Editors), Elder Care and Service Learning:  A Handbook (pp. 118-125). Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Salari, S. M. (2002). Intergenerational partnerships in adult day centers:  Importance of age-appropriate environments and behaviors. The Gerontologist, 42(3), 321-333.

Styles, M. B., & Morrow, K. (1992). Understanding How Youth and Elders Form Relationships:  A Study of Four Linking Lifetime Programs. Philadelphia, PA: Public/Private Ventures.

Terra Nova Films. Because Somebody Cares. Terra Nova Films (Producer)Chicago, IL: Terra Nova Films, Inc.

Williams, A., & Giles, H. (1996). Intergenerational conversations:  Young adults retrospective accounts. Human Communication Research, 23(2), 220-250.

Williams, A., & Nussbaum, J. F. (2001). Intergenerational Communication Across the Life Span. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Intergenerational field and training

Bernard, M. (2006). Research, policy, practice and theory: Interrelated dimensions of a developing field. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(1), 5-21.

Block, H. (1985). Intergenerational education:  Training for awareness and action. K. A. Strunz, & S. ReVille (Editors), Growing Together:  An Intergenerational Sourcebook (pp. 38-39). Washington, D.C.: American Association of Retired Persons and The Elvirita Lewis Foundation.

Butts, D. M., & Kusano, A. T. (2002). Organizing at the national level:   Lessons from the U.S.A. and Japan. In M. Kaplan, N. Henkin, & A. Kusano (Editors), Linking Lifetimes:  A Global View of Intergenerational Exchanges (pp. 253-261). Lanham, Maryland: Universal Press of America.

Davis, M. E. (2004). Preparing students for intergenerational practice:  An idea whose time has come. National Gerontological Social Work Conference .

Henkin, N., & Butts, D. (2002). Advancing an intergenerational agenda in the United States. In M. Kaplan, N. Henkin, & A. Kusano (Editors), Linking Lifetimes:  A Global View of Intergenerational Exchanges (pp. 65-82). Lanham, Maryland: Universal Press of America.

Larkin, E., & Newman, S. (1997). Intergenerational studies:  A multi-disciplinary field. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 28(1/2/3), 5-16.

McConnell, D. (2005). Integration or assimilation? Intergenerational practice should not be integrated within established professions in order to increase its visibility. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(3), 133-135.

Nee, D. (1989). The intergenerational movement:  A social imperative. In S. Newman, & S. Brummel (Editors), Intergenerational Programs:  Imperatives, Strategies, Impacts, Trends (pp. 79-91). New York: Haworth Press, Inc.

Newman, S. (2006). Research and Intergenerational Studies: A global perspective. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(2), 111-114.

Newman, S. (1995).  History and current status of the intergenerational field. Paper presented at the Hogg Symposium, Association for Gerontology in Higher Education Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh, Generations Together.

Newman, S., & Johnson, A. (1999). Intergenerational Studies in Higher Education:  An Initial Survey. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together, University of Pittsburgh.

Newman, S., & Olson, S. (1997). Competency development:  Professionalizing the intergenerational field. The Southwest Journal on Aging, 12(1/2), 91-94.

Newman, S., & Weinsberg, E. (1985). Training for intergenerational programs. Unpublished Paper.

Reynolds, J. (2005). Intergenerational practice should be integrated within established professions in order to increase its visibility. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(3), 131-132.

Rosebrook, V., & Larkin, E. (2003). Introducing standards and guidelines:  A rationale for defining the knowledge, skills, and dispositions of intergenerational practice. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 1(1), 133-144.

Rosenberg, E., Layne, L. E., & Power, M. (1997). Intergenerational studies' growing pains:  The quest for identity and implications for practice. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 28(1/2), 17-31.

Sanchez, M. (2006). Challenges to intergenerational studies: Perspective from Western Europe. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(2), 107-109.

Stearns, P. N. (1989). Historical trends in intergenerational contacts. in S. Newman, & S. Brummel (Editors), Intergenerational Programs:  Imperatives, Strategies, Impact, Trends (pp. 21-32). New York: Haworth Press, Inc.

Tice, C. (1981). Linking the Generations:  Intergenerational Programs, A Wingspread Report. Racine, WI: The Johnson Foundation.

Tice, C. (1985). Perspectives on intergenerational initiatives:  Past, present, and future. Children Today, 14(5), 6-10.

VanderVen, K. (1989). Training and education for intergenerational activities:  An agenda for the future. Journal of Children in Contemporary Society, 20, 135-145.

Intergroup dialogues

Bartlett, J. R. (2005). An intergenerational retreat revisited: Adolescent girls and older women share the residual impressions of a single gender group experience on female development four years later. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(2), 23-41.

Hinkle, S., Fox-Cardamone, L., Haseleu, J. A., Brown, R., & Irwin, L. M. (1996). Grassroots political action as an intergroup phenomenon. Journal of Social Issues, 52(1), 39-51.

Kaplan, M., Liu, S. T., et al. (2006). Intergenerational engagement in retirement

communities: A case study of a community capacity-building model." Journal of Applied Gerontology, 25(5), 406-426.

Lohman, H., Griffiths, Y., & Coppard, B. M. (2005). Intergenerational connections through book discussion groups. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(1), 27-34.

Moore, S. & Statham, E. (2006). Can intergenerational practice offer a way of limiting

anti-social behaviour and fear of crime? Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 45(5), 468-484.

Nadler, A. (2002). Inter-group helping relations as power relations:  Maintaining or challenging social dominance between groups through helping. Journal of Social Issues, 58(3), 487-502.

Nagda, B. A., Spearmon, M. L., Holley, L. C., Harding, S., Balassone, M., Moise-Swanson, D., & de Mello, S. (1999). Intergroup dialogues:  An innovative approach to teaching about diversity and justice in social work programs. Journal of Social Work Education, 35(3), 433-449.


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