Older adult woman exchanges laugh with middle school child in classroom.


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Health & Wellness


Health

 Chan, C. C., & Ho, W. C. (2006). Intensive community mentoring scheme in

Hong Kong: Nurturing police-youth intergenerational relationships. Journal of

Intergenerational Relationships, 4(2), 101-106.

Colston, L., Harper, S., & Mitchener-Colston, W. (1995). Volunteering to improve fitness and caring:  A motive for linking college students with  mature adults. Activities, Adaptation, and Aging, 20(1), 79-90.

Duquin, M., McCrea, J., Fetterman, D., & Nash, S. (2004). A faith-based intergenerational health and wellness program. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 2(3/4), 105-118.

Flora, P. K., & Faulkner, G. E. (2006). Physical activity: an innovative context for

intergenerational programming. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(4), 63-74.

Friedman, B. M., & Godfrey, F. (2007). Intergenerational exercise addresses the

public health issue of obesity. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 5(1),

79-94. 

Keller, K. L., Flatten, E. K., & Wilhite, B. C. (1988). Friendly visiting as a means of informing homebound senior citizens of health-related community services . Journal of Community Health, 13(4), 231-240.

Newell, D. A., & Beach, R. E. (2005). Implementation and delivery of an intergenerational community learning experience: The Family Home Visit Program. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(1), 6-26.

Life review

Pass it On! A Guide to Starting Your Own Senior Storytelling in the Schools Program.

                Stagebridge Senior Theater Company.http://www.stagebridge.org/pass_intro.html

Ames, N., & Diepstra, S. A. (2006). Using intergenerational oral history service-

learning projects to teach human behavior concepts: A qualitative analysis. Educational Gerontology, 32(9), 721-735. 

Butler, R. (1963). The life review:  An interpretation of reminiscence in the aged. Psychiatry, 26, 65-76.

Butler, R. (1974). Successful aging and the role of the life review. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 22, 529-535.

de Souza, E. (2007). Intergenerational interaction through reminiscence processes: A

theoretical framework to explain attitude changes. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 5(1), 39-56.

de Souza, E. M. & Grundy, E. (2007). Intergenerational interaction, social capital

and health: Results from a randomised controlled trial in Brazil. Social Science

& Medicine, 65(7), 1397-1409.

Disch, R. (1988). The young, the old, and the life review:  Report on a Brookdale project. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 12(3/4), 125-135.

Doka, K. J. (1986). Adolescent attitudes and beliefs toward aging in the elderly. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 22(3), 173-187.

Faer, M. (1995). The intergenerational life history project:  Promoting health and reducing disease in adolescents and elders. Public Health Reports, 110(2), 194-198.

Hammack, B. (1992). Shared Lives:  An Intergenerational Discussion Model. Kensington, MD: Interages.

Lubarsky, N. (1997). Rememberers and remembrances:  Fostering connections with intergenerational interviewing. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 28(1/2), 141-149.

McFarland, K., Rhoades, D., Roberts, E., & Eleazer, P. (2006). Teaching communication and listening skills to medical students using life review with older adults . Gerontology and Geriatrics Education, 27(1), 81-94.

McGowan, T. G. (1994). Mentoring-reminiscence:  A conceptual and empirical analysis. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 39, 321-336.

Poll, C. (2002). Capturing the richness of your heritage:  The do's and don'ts of doing an oral history. In S. B. Seperson, & C. Hegeman (Editors), Elder Care and Service Learning:  A Handbook (pp. 118-125). Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Underwood, H. L. & Dorfman, L. T. (2006). A view from the other side: Elders'

reactions to intergenerational service-learning. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(2), 43-60. 

Zuccolotto, D., & Scott, T. (1993). Guided Memories:  An Intergenerational Program for Youth and Seniors. Scotts Valley, CA: R&Z Publishing Co.

Psychiatric treatment

Marin, R., Newman, S., Onawola, R., Kollar, M., & Sucov, M. (1988). A geropsychiatric strengths oriented treatment program. Clinical Gerontologist, 8(2).

Dementia

Berenbaum, R. L. J., & Zweibach, D. F. (1996). Young adults with Down Syndrome as caregivers for the elderly with dementia:  An intergenerational project. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 26(3/4), 159-170.

Camp, C. J., Judge, K. S., Bye, C. A., Fox, K. M., Bowden, J., Bell, M., Valencic, K., & Mattern, J. M. (1997). An intergenerational program for persons with dementia using Montessori methods. The Gerontologist, 37(5), 688-692.

Cohen, G. D. (2000). Two new intergenerational interventions for Alzheimer's disease patients and families. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 15(3), 137-142.

Deutchman, D. E., Bruno, K. A., & Jarrott, S. E. (2003). Young at heart: Intergenerational activities involving persons with dementia.  Activities Directors’ Quarterly for Alzheimer’s & Other Dementia Patients, 4(2), 27-35.

Fruhauf, C. A., Jarrott, S. E., & Lambert-Shute, J. J. (2004). Service-learners at dementia care programs: An intervention for improving contact, comfort, and attitudes. Gerontology and Geriatrics Education, 25(1), 37-52.

Gigliotti, C., Morris, M., Smock, S., Jarrott, S., & Graham, B. (2005). An intergenerational summer program involving persons with dementia and preschool children. Educational Gerontology, 31(6), 425-441.

Griff, M., Lambert, D., Dellman-Jenkins, M., & Fruit, D. (1996). Intergenerational activity analysis with three groups of older adults:  Frail, community-living, and Alzheimer's. Educational Gerontology, 22, 601-612.

Hirshorn, B., & Piering, P. (1999). Older people at risk:  Issues and intergenerational responses. Generations, 22(4), 49-53.

Jarrott, S. E., & Bruno, K. (2003). Intergenerational activities involving persons with dementia:  An observational assessment. American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementias, 18, 31-37.

Jarrott, S. (2001). Intergenerational activities involving persons with dementia:  An observational assessment. Poster presented at Gerontological Society of America .

Jarrott, S., & Yorgason, J. (2002). Service-learning at dementia care programs:  A social history project. Paper presented at Association for Gerontology in Higher Education .

Junn-Krebs, U. (2003). Group work with seniors who have Alzheimer's or dementia in a social adult day program. Social Work With Groups, 26(2), 51-64.

Lambert-Shute, J. J., Jarrott, S. E., & Fruhauf, C. A. (2004). Service learning at dementia care programs: An orientation and training program . Gerontology and Geriatrics Education, 25(1), 19-35.

McCrea, J. M. (1992). Talking With Children and Teens about Alzheimer’s Disease: A Question and Answer Guidebook for Parents, Teachers, and Caregivers. Pittsburgh, PA: Generations Together:  University of Pittsburgh.

Nester, S. L., & Jarrott, S. E. (2001). Children and elders with dementia in modified Montessori activities:  An evaluation of affect and activity. Gerontological Society of America .

Orsulic-Jeras, S., Camp, C. J., Judge, K. S., & Lee, M. M. (unknown).  Using intergenerational Montessori programming to increase levels of engagement in adult day care clients with dementia. Poster presented at the Gerontological Society of America.

Ward, C. R., Los Kamp, L., & Newman, S. (1996). The effects of participation in an intergenerational program on the behavior of residents with dementia. Activities, Adaptation, and Aging, 20(4), 61-76.

Werner, P., & Lowenstein, A. (2001). The meaning of grandparenthood in the context of Alzheimer's disease: A pilot project. Clinical Gerontologist, 23(1-2), 115-130.

Xaverius, P. K., & Mathews, R. M. (2003). Evaluating the impact of intergenerational activities on elders' engagement and expressiveness levels in two settings. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 1(4), 53-69.

HIV and AIDS

Chipfupa, N. (2005). Food insecurity and HIV/AIDS: The impact on older carers. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(3), 125-127.

Cook, P., & White, W. (2006). Risk, recovery and resilience: Helping young and old move together to support South African communities affected by HIV/AIDS . Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(1), 65-77.

Eke, B. (2003). The impact of AIDS on intergenerational relationships in Africa. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 1(3), 9-24.

Eke, B. (2004). Intergenerational impact of AIDS pandemic in Nigeria. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 2(3/4), 39-52.

Hoffman, J. (2006). 'Motho ke motho ka motho yo mongwe’ (A person is a person

through other people). Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(3), 1-3

Kakooza, J., & Kimuna, S. R. (2005). HIV/AIDS orphans' education in Uganda: The changing role of older people. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(4), 63-81.

Odjo, E. O. (2006). Demographic impact of HIV/AIDS on the young and elderly populations in South Africa. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(2), 23-41.

Oduaran, A. (2003). Intergenerational practices and possibilities related to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Nigeria. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 1(2), 21-32.

Oduaran, A. (2006). Living in the valley of death: Intergenerational programs, poverty and HIV/AIDS . Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(1), 41-51.

Life satisfaction

The Longevity Revolution: The Benefits & Challenges of Living A long Life, by Dr.

Robert Butler, M.D.

MacIntyre, I., Corradetti, P., Roberts, J., Browne, G., Watt, S., & Lane, A. (1999). Pilot study of a visitor volunteer programme for community elderly people receiving home health care.   Health and Social Care in the Community, 7(3), 225-232.

Meshel, D., & McGlynn, R. P. (2004). Intergenerational contact, attitudes, and stereotypes of adolescents and older people. Educational Gerontology, 30(6), 457-479.

Muir, K. B. (2006). Measuring the benefits of mentoring for foster grandparents: A

research note. Educational Gerontology, 32(5), 379-387.

Newman, S. (1985). The impact of intergenerational programs on children's growth and on older persons' life satisfaction. K. A. Strunz, & S. ReVille (Editors), Growing Together:  An Intergenerational Sourcebook (pp. 22-24). Washington, D.C.: American Association of Retired Persons and The Elvirita Lewis Foundation.

Newman, S. (1985).  The impact of the school volunteering experience on the life satisfaction of senior citizens.  Paper presented at the XII International Congress of Gerontology Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh, Generations Together.

Newman, S., Baum, M., & Vasudev, J. (1983). The Experience of Senior Volunteers in Intergenerational Programs in Schools and the Relationship to their Life Satisfaction (Final report to the NRTA-AARP Andrus Foundation). Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh, Generations Together.

Newman, S., Vasudev, J., & Onawola, R. (1985). Older volunteers' perception of impact of volunteering on their psychological well being. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 14(2), 123-134.

Saltz, R. (1985). "We help each other":  The U.S. Foster Grandparent Program. K. A. Strunz, & S. ReVille (Editors), Growing Together:  An Intergenerational Sourcebook (pp. 24-28). Washington, D.C.: American Association of Retired Persons and The Elvirita Lewis Foundation.

Segrist, K. (2004). Assessing impact of service-learning project on older, isolated adults in rural America. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 2(2), 51-66.

Stevens, E. S. (1993). Making sense of usefulness:  an avenue toward satisfaction in later life. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 37(4), 313-325.

Stevens, E. S. (1992). Senior volunteer satisfaction:  A route to mental health in later life? Clinical Gerontologist, 12(2), 101-105.

Weintraub, A. P. C. & Killian, T. S. (2007). Intergenerational programming: Older

persons' perceptions of its impact. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 26, (4), 370-384.

Environment

Ballantyne, R., Connell, S., et al. (2006). Students as catalysts of environmental

change: A framework for researching intergenerational influence through environmental education. Environmental Education Research, 12(3), 413-427.

Ekstrom, C. D., Ingman, S. R., & Benjamin, T. (1999). Gerontology-Environmental links in aging education:  Toward an intergenerational view of sustainability. Educational Gerontology, 25, 613-621.

Gallagher, C. B. (2004). "Our Town":  Children as advocates for change in the city. Childhood, 11(2), 251-262.

Hatton-Yeo, A. (2006). Intergenerational Programmes:  An Introduction and Examples of Practice. Stoke-on-Trent, England: Beth Johnson Foundation and the Centre for Intergenerational Practice.

Ingman, S., Benjamin, T., & Lusky, R. (1999). The environment:  The quintessential intergenerational challenge. Generations, 22(4), 68-71.

Kaplan, M., & Liu, S.-T. N. (2004). Generations United for Environmental Awareness and Action. Washington, D.C.: Generations United.

Larson, J. M., & Meyer, M. H. (2006). Generations Gardening Together:  Sourcebook for Intergenerational Therapeutic Horticulture. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.

Lowrie, K. (2004 April). Young, old hands work together:  Girl Scouts, seniors build butterfly garden. Ann Arbor News, p. 5.
Abstract: Ann Arbor Troop 846 and Riverview nursing home residents work to beautify grounds

Moller, V. (2005). Attitudes to food gardening from a generational perspective:: A South African case study. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 3(2), 63-80.

Peterat, L., & Mayer-Smith, J. (2006). Farm Friends:  Exploring Intergenerational Environmental Learning. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(1), 107-116.

Werner, C. M., Voce, R., Openshaw, K. G., & Simons, M. (2002). Designing service-learning to empower students and community:  Jackson Elementary builds a nature study center. Journal of Social Issues, 58 (3), 557-579.

Empowerment

Angelique, H. L., Reischl, T. M., & Davidson II, W. S. (2002). Promoting political empowerment:  Evaluation of an intervention with university students. American Journal of Community Psychology, 30(6), 815-833.

Arnstein, S. R. (1969). A ladder of citizen participation. American Institute of Planners Journal, 69, 216-224.

Bandura, A. (2000). Exercise of human agency through collective efficacy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9(3), 75-78.

Barr, A. (1995). Empowering communities -- beyond fashionable rhetoric?  Some reflections on Scottish experience. Community Development Journal, 30(2), 121-132.

Bartle, E. E., Couchonnal, G., Canda, E. R., & Staker, M. D. (2002). Empowerment as a dynamically developing concept for practice:  Lessons learned from organizational ethnography. Social Work, 47(1), 32-43.

Bartunek, J. M., Foster-Fishman, P., & Keys, C. B. (1996). Using collaborative advocacy to foster intergroup cooperation. Human Relations, 49, 701-733.

Bartunek, J. M., Lacey, C. A., & Wood, D. R. (1992). Social cognition in organizational change:  an insider-outsider approach. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 28, 204-223.

Berkeley, N., & et al. (1995). Involving the community in plan preparation. Community Development Journal, 30, 189-199.

Berman-Rossi, T. (1992). Empowering groups through understanding stages of group development. Social Work With Groups, 15(2-3), 239-255.

Boldy, D. P., & Grenade, L. E. (2001). Promoting empowerment in residential aged care:  Seeking the consumer view. L. F. Heumann, M. E. McCall, & D. P. Boldy (Editors), Empowering Frail Elderly People:  Opportunities and Impediments in  Housing, Health, and Support Service Delivery (pp. 41-52). Westport, CT:  Praeger.

Boldy, D. P., McCall, M. E., & Heumann, L. F. (2001). Empowerment of frail elderly people and the vision of a self-actualized society. L. F. Heumann, M. E. McCall, & D. P. Boldy (Editors), Empowering Frail Elderly People:  Opportunities and Impediments in  Housing, Health, and Support Service Delivery (pp. 239-254). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Bowen, G. L., Martin, J. A., Mancini, J. A., & Nelson, J. P. (2000). Community capacity:  Antecedents and consequences. Journal of Community Practice, 8(2), 1-21.

Seniors for Peace. (2003). D. L. Brown (Producer), & D. L. Brown (Director).

Brydon-Miller, M., Greenwood, D., & Maguire, P. (2003). Why action research? Action Research, 1(1), 9-28.

Buysse, V., Wesley, P. W., & Skinner, D. (1999). Community development approaches for early intervention. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 19(4), 236-243.

Chapin, R., & Cox, E. O. (2002). Changing the paradigm:  Strengths-based and empowerment-oriented social work with frail elders. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 36(3/4), 165-179.

Chaskin, R. J., Brown, P., Venkatesh, S., & Vidal, A. (2001). Building Community Capacity. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Chavis, D. M., & Wandersman, A. (1990). Sense of community in the urban environment:  A catalyst for participation and community development. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18(1), 55-81.

Chawla, S., & Kaiser, M. A. (1995). The aged and development:  Mutual beneficiaries. D. Thursz, C. Nusberg, & J. Prather (editors), Empowering Older People:  An International Approach (pp. 151-181). Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Checkoway, B. (1997). Core concepts for community change. Journal of Community Practice, 4(1), 11-29.

Checkoway, B. (1996). Adults as Allies. Battle Creek, Michigan: W.K. Kellogg Foundation.

Checkoway, B. (1995). Six strategies of community change. Community Development Journal, 30, 2-20.

Checkoway, B. (1992). Young People Creating Change. Battle Creek, Michigan: W.K. Kellogg Foundation.

Claus, J., & Ogden, C. (1999). An empowering, transformative approach to service. J. Claus, & C. Ogden (Editors), Service Learning for Youth Empowerment and Social Change (pp. 69-91). New York: Peter Lang.

Claus, J., & Ogden, C. (1999). Service Learning for Youth Empowerment and Social Change. New York: Peter Lang.

Cocking, C., & Drury, J. (unknown).  Generalization of efficacy as a function of collective action and intergroup relations:  Involvement in an anti-roads struggle. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34(2), 417-444.

Conger, J., & Rabindra, K. (1988). The empowerment process:  Integrating theory and practice. Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 471-482.

Coombe, C. M. (1997). Using empowerment evaluation in community organizing and community-based health initiatives. M. Minkler (Editor), Community Organizing and Community Building for Health (pp. 291-307). New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

Cornell Empowerment Group. (1989). Empowerment and family support. Networking Bulletin, 1(2), 1-23.

Couper, D. P., Norsman, A. S., & Sulick, B. (1999). Retired educators as advocates:  Promoting K-12 education about aging. Educational Gerontology, 25(6), 519-530.

Cox, C. B. (2002). Empowering African American custodial grandparents. Social Work, 47(1), 45-54.

Cox, E. O., & Parsons, R. R. (1996). Empowerment-oriented social work practice:  Impact on late life relationships of women. K. A. Roberto (Editor), Relationships Between Women in Later Life (pp. 129-143). New York: Harrington Park Press.

Cox, E. O., & Parsons, R. J. (1994). Empowerment-Oriented Social Work Practice with the Elderly. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks-Cole.

Cox, E. O. (1988). Empowerment of the low income elderly through group work. Social Work With Groups, 11(3/4), 111-125.

Cox, E. O. (2002). Empowerment-oriented practice applied to long-term care. Journal of Social Work in Long-Term Care, 1(2), 27-46.

Currie, R., Guisset, M.-J., & de Boer, N. (2001). Another way of living in one's own home: The Salmon Group Projects. L. F. Heumann, M. E. McCall, & D. P. Boldy (Editors), Empowering Frail Elderly People:  Opportunities and Impediments in  Housing, Health, and Support Service Delivery (pp. 101-117). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Cusack, S. A. (1994). Developing leadership in the Third Age: An ethnographic study of a seniors' centre. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 13(2), 127-142.

Cusack, S. A. (1993). Developing Leadership in the Third Age: An Ethnographic Study of Seniors' Centres. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Education, Simon Fraser University , Burnaby, British Columbia.

Cusack, S. A., & Thompson, W. J. A. (1999). Leadership in Retirement: Aging with Purpose and Passion. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.

Davis, L. (1994 July). Elders' council plays parent to Detroit youths and communities. Detroit News, p. ?

Delgado, M. (2001). Framework for capacity-enhancement practice. M. Delgado Community Social Work Practice in an Urban Context (pp. 34-58). New York: Oxford University Press.

Dembner, A. (2003 August). A self-help way to assisted living. The Boston Globe, pp. A1, B4.

Dembner, A. (2004 January). With new style, a nursing 'home'. Boston Globe, pp. A1, B11.

DesMarais, J. (1999). The ripples of empowerment:  A personal reflection. J. Claus, & C. Ogden (Editors), Service Learning for Youth Empowerment and Social Change (pp. 127-134). New York: Peter Lang.

Ekstrom, C. D., Ingman, S. R., & Benjamin, T. (1999). Gerontology-Environmental links in aging education:  Toward an intergenerational view of sustainability. Educational Gerontology, 25, 613-621.

Fawcett, S. B., Paine-Andrews, A., Francisco, V., & Schultz, J. A. (1995). Using empowerment theory in collaborative partnerships for community health and development. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23(5), 677-697.

Fawcett, S. B., Seekins, T., Whang, P. L., Muiu, C., & Suarez de Balcazar, Y. (1984). Creating and using social technologies for community empowerment. J. Rappaport, & R. Hess (editors), Studies in Empowerment:  Steps Toward Understanding and Action (pp. 145-171). New York: Haworth Press.

Fetterman, D. M. (2002). Empowerment evaluation:  Building communities of practice and a culture of learning. American Journal of Community Psychology, 30(1), 89-102.

Florin, P., & Wandersman, A. (1990). An introduction to citizen participation, voluntary organizations, and community development:  Insights for empowerment through research. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18(1), 41-54.

Foster-Fishman, P. G., Salem, D. A., Chibnall, S., Legler, R., & Yapchai, C. (1998). Empirical support for the critical assumptions of empowerment theory. American Journal of  Community Psychology, 26(4), 507-536.

Freire, P. (1970). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Herder and Herder.

Friedman, R. D. A. (2003). The Mitzvah model brings meaning and mission to late life. Aging Today, January-February, 17.

Gallagher, C. B. (2004). "Our Town":  Children as advocates for change in the city. Childhood, 11(2), 251-262.

Graves, S., & Larkin, E. (2006). Lessons from Erikson:  A look at autonomy across the lifespan. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 4(2), 61-71.

Grills, C. N., Bass, K., Brown, D. L., & Akers, A. (1996). Empowerment evaluation:  Building upon a tradition of activism in the African American community. D. M. Fetherman, J. J. Kaftarian, & A. Wandersman (Editors), Empowerment Evaluation (pp. 123-140). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Gutierrez, L. (1995). Understanding the empowerment process:  Does consciousness make a difference? Social Work Research, 19(4), 229-237.

Gutierrez, L., & Lewis, E. A. (1999). Strengthening communities through groups:  A multicultural perspective. H. Bertcher, L. F. Kurtz, & A. Lamont (Editors), Rebuilding Communities:  Challenges for Group Work (pp. 5-16). New York: Haworth Press.

Gutierrez, L. M., DeLois, K. A., & GlenMaye, L. (1995). Understanding empowerment practice:  Building on practitioner-based knowledge.  Families in Society, November, 534-542.

Gutierrez, L. M., & Lewis, E. A. (1997). Education, participation, and capacity building in community organizing with women of color. M. Minkler (Editor), Community Organizing and Community Building for Health (pp. 216-229). New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

Gutierrez, L. M., Parsons, R. J., & Cox, E. O. (1998).  Empowerment in Social Work Practice:  A Sourcebook. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks-Cole Publishing Company.

Guttierez, L., Alvarez, A. R., Nemon, H., & Lewis, E. A. (1997). Multicultural community organizing:  A strategy for change. Social Work, 41, 501-508.

Hardina, D. (2003). Linking citizen participation to empowerment practice:  a historical overview. Journal of Community Practice, 11(4), 11-38.

Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, R. (1995). A life-span theory of control. Psychological Review, 102(2), 284-304.

Hess, R. (1984). Thoughts on empowerment. J. Rappaport, & R. Hess (editors), Studies in Empowerment:  Steps Toward Understanding and Action (pp. 227-230). New York: Haworth Press.

Heumann, L. F., Boldy, D. P., & McCall, M. E. (2001). Opportunities and impediments in housing, health, and support service delivery. L. F. Heumann, M. E. McCall, & D. P. Boldy (Editors), Empowering Frail Elderly People:  Opportunities and Impediments in  Housing, Health, and Support Service Delivery (pp. 25-37). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Heumann, L. F., McCall, M. E., & Boldy, D. P. (2001). Empowering Frail Elderly People:  Opportunities and Impediments in Housing, Health, and Support Service Delivery. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Himmelman, A. T. (2001). On coalitions and the transformation of power relations:  Collaborative betterment and collaborative empowerment. American Journal of Community Psychology, 29(2), 277-284.

Israel, B., Checkoway, B., Schulz, A., & Zimmerman, M. (1997). Scale for measuring perceptions of individual, organizational, and community control. M. Minkler (Editor), Community Organizing and Community Building for Health (pp. 378-380). New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

Itzhaky, H., & York, A. S. (2000). Empowerment and community participation:  Does gender make a difference? Social Work Research, 24(4), 225-234.

Junn-Krebs, U. (2003). Group work with seniors who have Alzheimer's or dementia in a social adult day program. Social Work With Groups, 26(2), 51-64.

Kam, P.-K. (1996). Empowering elderly people:  A community work approach. Community Development Journal, 31(3), 230-240.

Kaplan, M., Higdon, F., Crago, N., & Robbins, L. (2004). Futures Festivals:   An intergenerational strategy for promoting community participation. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 2(3/4), 119-146.

Kardia, D. (1996). Power, conflict, and community:  Report on a retrieval conference.  CRSO Working Paper #554, The Program on Conflict Management Alternatives at the University of Michigan.

Katz, R. (1984). Empowerment and synergy:  Expanding the community's healing resources. J. Rappaport, & R. Hess (editors), Studies in Empowerment:  Steps Toward Understanding and Action (pp. 201-225). New York: Haworth Press.

Kieffer, C. H. (1984). Citizen empowerment:  A developmental perspective. Prevention in Human Services, 3, 9-36.

Kivnick, H. Q. (1993). Everyday mental health:  A guide to assessing life strengths. Generations, Winter/Spring 1993, 13-20.

Kretzmann, J., & McKnight, J. L. (1996). Assets-based community development. National Civic Review, 85(4), 23-27.

Kretzmann, J. P., McKnight, J. L., & Puntenney, D. (1998). A Guide to Creating A Neighborhood Information Exchange:  Building Communities by Connecting Local Skills and Knowledge. Chicago: ACTA Publications.

Kretzmann, J. P., McKnight, J. L., & Sheehan, G. (1997). A Guide to Capacity Inventories:  Mobilizing the Community Skills of Local Residents. Chicago: ACTA Publications.

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